Zamosc is a town in southeastern Poland. Zamosc was established in the year 1580 by the Hetman Jan Zamoyski on the trade route linking western and northern Europe with the Black Sea. Modelled on the Italian trading cities and built during the Baroque period by the architect Bernardo Morando, a native of Padua, Zamosc.
Zamosc is a top class monument of noteworthy chronological and artistic value; therefore it was included on the list of the World’s Cultural Heritage by UNESCO in 1992.The most impressive is the great market square with old arcade burghers’ houses. It is dominated by a superior town hall with its sky-high tower and monumental staircase. On both sides stand beautiful houses, which were owned by rich merchants in the past.
South-west of the market square is the cathedral with its superb Renaissance heart decorations, including a lot of good stone and stucco work, paintings, portraits of the Zamoyskis, and the family crypt.
Zamosc was built from the very start, within a short period of time and in one architectural style, which gives the town a unique place in Polish and European history. It is an embodiment of the most outstanding Renaissance architect’s dreams about the ideal town.
Zamosc is a major civilizing center and the arrogance of the architectural thought of various nations. It is called an ideal city, a pearl of the Renaissance, an epitome of a fortress city erected on so called “raw root”
Today, the civilization of the cultural and scholar center the Zamoyska Academy are still alive. The Old Town, surrounded by earthwork, is still “defended” by a system of gates and is recognized as the masterpiece of military art.
Also, Rynek Wielki (the Grand Market) and adjacent streets filling out the regular, checked-like layout with numerous arcade tenements, the city hall and the cathedral dominating the city are charming and worthy of note.