Machu Picchu is located in Cusco Region in Peru. Train is the only transport to the famous site. The ride to the last stop in the small town of Aquas Caliente (hot springs) takes about 3.5 hours. There are several types of train, from a humble student to lavish and expensive. The entire length of the route line running parallel with the river Urubamba and her curves.
Upon arrival in Aquas Caliente passengers boarding in mini buses that climb sharp hairpin bends over a length of 8 km, to the Machu Picchu site. And then you get a sight that can`t conjure up any images of the world. This is an absolute beauty and indescribable peace. The sun casts mysterious shadows on the surrounding peaks. Deep in the abyss spotless the turbulent Urubamba of which in some places is not shared even fences.
Most mysterious site in the middle of lush vegetation and humid subtropical climate, the high, inaccessible summit, the lost city of Machu Picchu is the best preserved archaeological site from the time of the Incas, and the most important symbol of the Peruvian civilization. The whole site is a blend of harmony and balance between old Inca architecture and natural beauty of the whole region. According to generally accepted chronology, built in 1438, as a royal retreat for the Inca rulers Pachacutec, at an altitude of 2,450 m, hidden among the mountain ridges high above the serpentine bends of the river Urubamba.
Machu Picchu is a place of peace and power
Since it is Hiram Bingham discovered in July 1911, Machu Picchu constantly attracts researchers, archaeologists, esoteric and contemporary pilgrims from all over. The fact is that many cases of excavations taken in the United States and perhaps the world will never see what has been found in the Machu Picchu. Machu Picchu is in excellent condition thanks to the fact that it conquistadors never found, although almost certainly be said that the city was abandoned shortly after their arrival. Machu Picchu is located in the subtropical zone with a mild humid climate, which causes two clearly divided seasons, rainy – from November to March and arid – from April to October.
The resort is located on the narrow ridge, and it is clear that a wall is divided into two parts, agricultural terraces linked numerous steps and paths, and a residential area that is further divided into two architectural units, which leads to the impression that there were different districts. The city is clearly divided into upper and lower portions that separate open spaces or squares. Upper continent consisted of temples, fountains, squares and beautiful buildings while in the lower part of town modest home.
Most of the buildings that had a specific function such as Temple of the Sun, Temple of the Three Windows and Main Temple, located in the upper part of the city. The city is a complex system of water supply that is supplied from natural sources, squares, streets and buildings different in quality of construction. It is believed that Machu Picchu had about 1,000 inhabitants. In addition to 200 residential houses, the site has a fair number of unique buildings that are considered to have had a ritual function.
Judging by the numerous agricultural terraces, this branch was of the utmost importance for the city. Arable land on the terraced grounds exceeded the needs of the population. There was also a channel with a length of 800m to curb the excessive rainfall. After passing through farmland, grassy area, one comes to the Sanctuary, as this market called Bingham, because it consists of the main temple – the most beautiful examples of Machu Picchu architecture, Temple of the Sun – astronomical observatory and the temple with three windows, where an entire wall made from a single piece of stone which are carved three trapezoidal windows.
You’ll have a great view of the green plateau and down the stairs that lead to the central square. The sanctuary was built of stone blocks smoothed and blended to perfection. The Incas did not use the mortar already relied on precisely carved blocks, geometry and a good foundation. Their quality buildings for centuries remained almost untouched despite numerous earthquakes. After a short break we will climb on another eighty steps towards the hill to the famous monolith – Inti Watana. “Inti Watana” (in translation – “a place that catches the sun”), a rectangular stone column with a pedestal and one stair, located on a small hill in the city, is one of the most important places to Machu Picchu. It is still the enigma of whether it is used as an astronomical station or something else.
Spanish priests were all similar pillars by the Inca Empire destroyed because they considered objects of worship. The Incas were skilled astronomers and this monolith is used to determine the summer and winter solstice. At the winter solstice, which falls on 21 June (because the seasons in the southern hemisphere is reversed compared to Europe), the high priest tied to a gold disc for Inti Watana which is symbolically represented capture the sun and its introduction to the country for another time cycle.
In this way, the Inca priests using these sundials track the changes of the seasons and were able to accurately determine the most suitable date for sowing. Many now believe that it was Inti Watana one of the strongest fields of energy on the planet and has the inherent spiritual and metaphysical power. Indeed, it is simply impossible to find at Machu Picchu, from which a view of the tortuous course of the river Urubamba and the surrounding peaks, among which dominates hajan Picchu, and not feel some magic in the air.